Author Guidelines

We appreciate you deciding to send us your paper. By following these guidelines, we can make sure we have all the materials needed to enable a seamless peer review, production, and publication process for your work. In order to guarantee that your manuscript satisfies the journal's requirements, please take the time to read them and adhere to them as precisely as possible.


Preparing Your Paper


The following format should be used when compiling your paper: The contents of this document include the following: the title page, abstract, keywords, acknowledgements, declaration of interest statement, main text introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion, appendices (if applicable), tables with captions (on separate pages), figures, and figure captions (as a list).

Word Limits

Please include a word count for your paper.

A typical paper for this journal should be no more than 8000 words, inclusive of Abstract and References

Style Guidelines

Please refer to these quick style guidelines when preparing your paper, rather than any published articles or a sample copy.


Any spelling style is acceptable so long as it is consistent within the manuscript.

Please use single quotation marks, except where ‘a quotation is “within” a quotation’.

Please note that long quotations should be indented without quotation marks.


Formatting and Templates

Word format may be used for submitting papers. It is best to save the figures apart from the text. We give you formatting template(s) to help you with your paper preparation.


This journal is available as a Word template. Kindly save the template to your computer so that it is ready for usage.



Please prepare your work using this APHA reference format. To help you, there's also an EndNote output style.